Art silk was developed in the early 1930s from soybean fibers. The process of turning the fibers into strengthened strands of silk involved many different chemical treatments. Nylon, which is considered a type of art silk, was developed in 1930 by the United States as a replacement for the much more expensive varieties of Oriental and Japanese silks. Today, art silk sarees are woven with combinations of nylon, soybean fiber, silk, viscose, and rayon. These sarees are woven in “silk-producing hubs” or cities which have large silk industries. Although Mysore and Kanchipuram are some of the largest art silk producers, there are different places of production for art silk and each place has its own unique style of weaving.
Art or artificial silk sarees are lightweight and very comfortable to carry making them a popular choice for summertime. Art silk does not integrate real zari, but rather flaunts other types of thread and stonework as well as various prints.